February 21, 2024 by
Maytte Rivera

The Humboldt Current is a cold ocean current that flows from Antarctica along the Pacific coast of South America.  Also called the Perú Current, it brings cool air inland, creating fog and moderating the temperature on the vineyards close to the coast.  This causes grapes to ripen slowly, helping them develop aromatic compounds reminiscent of fresh herbs, green vegetables, and citrus. 

In Chile, the Humboldt Current blows winds from the Pacific Ocean while cold air from the Andes Mountains flows from the east into the vineyards.  Since the country is only about 65 miles wide, these two natural “air conditioners” combined create an ideal situation for growing a wide variety of grapes and wine styles. Chile produces sparkling wines, whites made of Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay and reds based on Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and the traditional Carmenère, among others.  Miguel Torres winery is an excellent example of how diverse Chile’s wine industry can be. Try a bottle of their Cordillera Brut, Santa Digna Sauvignon Blanc or the reserve Carmenère to experience the effects of the Humboldt Current in a glass.

Author: Maytte Rivera

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